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All Nippon Airways
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses of "ANA", see Ana.
All Nippon Airways
全日本空輸
Zen Nippon Kūyu
All Nippon Airways Logo.svg
IATA
NH ICAO
ANA Callsign
ALL NIPPON
Founded 27 December 1952
Hubs
Haneda Airport (Tōkyō)
Narita International Airport (Tōkyō)
Secondary hubs
Kansai International Airport (Osaka)
Itami Airport (Osaka)
Focus cities
New Chitose Airport (Sapporo)
Chūbu Centrair International Airport (Nagoya)
Frequent-flyer program ANA Mileage Club
Airport lounge ANA Lounge
Alliance Star Alliance
Subsidiaries
ANA Wings
Air Japan
Vanilla Air
Pan Am International Flight Academy[1]
Fleet size 211
Destinations 73
Company slogan 'Inspiration of Japan'
Headquarters Shiodome City Center
Minato, Tokyo, Japan[2]
Key people Yoji Ohashi (Chairman)
Shinichiro Ito (CEO)
Revenue ¥1.411 trillion (2011)
Operating income ¥97.02 billion (2011)
Net income ¥28.17 billion (2011)
Total assets ¥2.002 trillion (2011)
Total equity ¥554.85 billion (2011)
Employees
32,884 (2011)

Website www.ana.co.jp
All Nippon Airways Co., Ltd. (全日本空輸株式会社 Zen Nippon Kūyu Kabushiki-gaisha?, TYO: 9202, LSE: ANA), also known as Zennikkū (全日空?) or ANA, is a Japanese airline. Its headquarters are located at Shiodome City Center in the Shiodome area of Minato, Tokyo, Japan. It operates services to 49 destinations in Japan and 32 international routes[3] and has about 33,000 employees as of August 2013.[4] In May 2010, ANA's total passenger traffic is up year-on-year by 7.8%, and its international services grow by 22% to 2.07 million passengers in the first five months of 2010.[5] ANA's main international hubs are at Narita International Airport outside Tokyo and Kansai International Airport outside Osaka. Its main domestic hubs are at Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), Osaka International Airport Itami, Chūbu Centrair International Airport (near Nagoya), and New Chitose Airport (near Sapporo).[6]

In addition to its mainline operations, ANA controls several subsidiary passenger carriers,[7] including its regional airline, ANA Wings and charter carrier, Air Japan. Additional smaller carriers include Air Do, a low-cost carrier operating scheduled service between Tokyo and cities in Hokkaido, Vanilla Air, a low-cost carrier serving resort and selected international destinations, and Allex Cargo (ANA Cargo), the freighter division operated by Air Japan. Since October 1999, the airline became a member of Star Alliance. ANA is also the largest shareholder in Peach, a low-cost carrier joint venture with First Eastern Investment Group. On 29 March 2013, ANA was announced as a 5-Star Airline by Skytrax.

Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Formation
1.2 Domestic era
1.3 International era
2 Corporate affairs and identity
2.1 Headquarters
2.2 Subsidiaries
2.3 Cargo services
2.4 Personnel
3 Destinations
3.1 Codeshare agreements
4 Fleet
4.1 Cargo
4.2 Fleet history
4.3 Fleet plans
4.4 Special liveries
5 Services
5.1 New cabin
5.2 Inflight Magazine
6 ANA in popular culture
7 Incidents and accidents
8 See also
9 References
10 External links
History[edit]
Formation[edit]
ANA's earliest ancestor was Nippon Helicopter and Aeroplane (日本ヘリコプター輸送 Nippon Herikoputā Yusō?), an airline company founded on 27 December 1952.[8] Nippon Helicopter was the source of what would later be ANA's IATA airline code, NH.[9]


Boeing 737-200 in ANA's late 1960s-1983 "Mohican Livery"
NH began helicopter services in February 1953. On 15 December 1953, it operated its first cargo flight between Osaka and Tokyo using a de Havilland Dove, JA5008.[8] This was the first scheduled flight flown by a Japanese pilot in postwar Japan. Passenger service on the same route began on 1 February 1954, and was upgraded to a de Havilland Heron in March.[10] In 1955, Douglas DC-3s began flying for NH as well,[8] by which time the airline's route network extended from northern Kyūshū to Sapporo.

ANA's other ancestor was Far East Airlines (極東航空 Kyokutō Kōkū?).[11] Although it was founded on 26 December 1952, one day before NH, it did not begin operations until 20 January 1954, when it began night cargo runs between Osaka and Tokyo, also using a de Havilland Dove. It adopted the DC-3 in early 1957, by which point its route network extended through southern Japan from Tokyo to Kagoshima.[10]

FEA merged with NH in March 1958. The combined companies had a total market capitalization of 600 million yen, and the result of the merger was Japan's largest private airline.[8] The merged airline, called All Nippon Airways,[8] received a new Japanese name (全日本空輸 Zen Nippon Kūyu; Japan Air Transport). The company logo of the larger NH was selected as the logo of the new combined airline, and the new carrier operated a route network combined from its two predecessors.[8]

Domestic era[edit]
Revenue Passenger-Miles/Kilometers, in millions
Year Traffic
1964 693 RPMs
1968 1327 RPMs
1970 2727 RPMs
1972 3794 RPMs
1973 8421 RPKs
1975 10513 RPKs
1979 17073 RPKs
1985 18997 RPKs
1990 33007 RPKs
1995 42722 RPKs
Source: Air Transport World
ANA grew through the 1960s, adding the Vickers Viscount to the fleet in 1960 and the Fokker F27 in 1961.[8] October 1961 marked ANA's debut on the Tokyo Stock Exchange as well as the Osaka Securities Exchange.[8] 1963 saw another merger, with Fujita Airlines, raising the company's capital to 4.65 billion yen.[8] In 1965 ANA introduced jets with Boeing 727s on the Tokyo-Sapporo route. It also introduced Japan's first homegrown turboprop airliner, the NAMC YS-11 in 1965, replacing Convair 440s on local routes.[8] In 1969, ANA introduced Boeing 737 services.[8]


ANA Boeing 747SR-81 at Perth Airport (mid-1980s)
As ANA grew it started to contract travel companies across Japan to handle ground services in each region. Many of these companies received shares in ANA as part of their deals. Some of these relationships continue today in different forms: for instance, Nagoya Railroad, which handled ANA's operations in the Chūbu region along with other partnerships,[12] maintains a permanent seat on ANA's board of directors.[13] By 1974, ANA had Japan's largest domestic airline network.[11]

While ANA's domestic operations grew, the Ministry of Transportation had granted government-owned Japan Airlines (JAL) a monopoly on international scheduled flights[8] that lasted until 1986. ANA was allowed to operate international charter flights: its first was a 727 charter from Tokyo to Hong Kong on February 21, 1971.[14]


Key ANA fleet types in the early 1990s: Boeing 747SR and Lockheed L-1011
ANA bought its first widebody aircraft, six Lockheed L-1011s, in November 1971, following a lengthy sales effort by Lockheed which had involved negotiations between US president Richard Nixon, Japanese prime minister Kakuei Tanaka and UK prime minister Edward Heath (lobbying in favor of engine maker Rolls-Royce). Tanaka also pressed Japanese regulators to permit ANA to operate on Asia routes as part of the package.[15] The aircraft entered service on the Tokyo-Okinawa route in 1974. The carrier had ordered McDonnell Douglas DC-10s but cancelled the order at the last minute and switched to Lockheed. It was later revealed that Lockheed had indirectly bribed Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka to force this switch: the scandal led to the arrest of Tanaka and several managers from ANA and Lockheed sales agent Marubeni for corruption.[16]

Boeing 747-200s were introduced on the Tokyo-Sapporo and Tokyo-Fukuoka routes in 1976[8] and Boeing 767s in 1983[17] on Shikoku routes. The carrier's first 747s were the short-range SR variant, designed for Japanese domestic routes.[14]

International era[edit]

ANA Boeing 737-500 at Sapporo International Airport (Chitose). Another ANA aircraft, a Boeing 777-200 can be seen on final approach in the background.
In 1986, ANA began to expand beyond Japan's key domestic carrier to become a competitive international carrier as well.[8] On 3 March 1986, ANA started scheduled international flights with a passenger service from Tokyo to Guam.[18] Flights to Los Angeles and Washington, D.C. followed by year's end, and ANA also entered a service agreement with American Airlines[8] to feed the US carrier's new flights to Narita.

ANA expanded its international services gradually: to Beijing, Dalian, Hong Kong and Sydney in 1987; to Seoul in 1988; to London and Saipan in 1989; to Paris in 1990 and to New York in 1991.[19][20] Airbus equipment such as the A320 and A321 was added to the fleet in the early 1990s, as was the Boeing 747-481 jet. ANA joined the Star Alliance in October 1999.[21]

2004 saw ANA's profits exceed JAL's for the first time. That year, facing a surplus of slots due to the construction of new airports and the ongoing expansion of Tokyo International Airport, ANA announced a fleet renewal plan that would replace some of its large aircraft with a greater number of smaller aircraft.[22]


ANA aircraft (both B747-400Ds) at Tokyo International Airport (Haneda Airport).
Also in 2004, ANA set up low-cost subsidiary Air Next to operate flights from Fukuoka Airport starting in 2005, and became the majority shareholder in Nakanihon Airline Service (NAL) headquartered in Nagoya Airport.[23] In 2005, ANA renamed NAL to Air Central, and relocated its headquarters to Chūbu Centrair International Airport.[24] On July 12, 2005, ANA reached a deal with NYK to sell its 27.6% share in Nippon Cargo Airlines, a joint venture formed between the two companies in 1987.[25] The sale allowed ANA to focus on developing its own cargo division. In 2006, ANA, Japan Post, Nippon Express, and Mitsui O.S.K. Lines founded ANA & JP Express (AJV), which would operate freighters. ANA is the top shareholder of AJV. It absorbed Air Japan's freighter operations.

Air Transport World named ANA its 2007 "Airline of the Year." In 2006, the airline was recognized by FlightOnTime.info as the most punctual scheduled airline between London and Tokyo for the last four consecutive years, based on official British statistics.[26] Japan Airlines took over the title in 2007. In 2009, ANA announced plans to test an idea as part of the airline's "e-flight" campaign, encouraging passengers on select flights to visit the airport restroom before they board.[27][28] On November 10 of the same year, ANA also announced "Inspiration of Japan", ANA's newest international flight concept, with redesigned cabins initially launched on its 777-300ER aircraft.[29]

July 2011, All Nippon Airways and AirAsia have agreed to form a low-cost carrier AirAsia Japan based in Tokyo's Narita International Airport. ANA held 51 percent shares and AirAsia held 33 percent voting shares and 16 percent non-voting shares through its wholly owned subsidiary, AA International.[30] The carrier lasted until October 2013, when AirAsia withdrew from the joint venture; the carrier was subsequently rebranded as Vanilla Air.

Corporate affairs and identity[edit]
Headquarters[edit]

Shiodome City Center in Minato, Tokyo, headquarters of ANA and Air Nippon.[31]
All Nippon Airways is headquartered at the Shiodome City Center in the Shiodome area in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.[31][32]

In the late 1960s ANA had its headquarters in the Hikokan Building in Shinbashi, Minato.[33] From the 1970s through the late 1990s All Nippon Airways was headquartered in the Kasumigaseki Building in Chiyoda, Tokyo.[34][35][36][37] Before moving into its current headquarters, ANA had its headquarters on the grounds of Tokyo International Airport in Ōta, Tokyo.[38] In 2002 ANA announced that it was taking up to 10 floors in the then under-construction Shiodome City Center. ANA announced that it was also moving some subsidiaries to the Shiodome City Center.[39] Shiodome City Center, which became ANA's headquarters, opened in 2003.[40]

Subsidiaries[edit]
ANA Group is a group of companies which are wholly or primarily owned by ANA. It comprises the following:[41]


The Utility Center building, the former headquarters of ANA at Tokyo International Airport
Commercial aviation

Air Japan
ANA Wings
Air Do (Major shareholder)
Peach (Majority shareholder)
Vanilla Air
IFTA (Flight Training Academy training pilots for ANA Group airlines and other worldwide airlines by contract)
Pan Am International Flight Academy
General aviation

All Nippon Helicopter (dedicated for the public broadcaster NHK.)
Discontinued

AirAsia Japan (now Vanilla Air)
Air Hokkaido (80% shareholding, ceased operation on March 31, 2006)
Allex Cargo (merged into Air Japan)
The following airlines merged into ANA Wings on October 1, 2010

Air Nippon
Air Nippon Network
Air Next
Air Central
Cargo services[edit]

A Boeing 767-300BCF of Allex Cargo
As of July 2013, ANA owns nine Boeing 767-300 freighter aircraft[42] and plans to take delivery of a tenth 767 freighter during fiscal year 2013.[43]

ANA's freighters operate on 18 international routes and 6 domestic routes. ANA operates an overnight cargo hub at Naha Airport in Okinawa, which receives inbound freighter flights from key destinations in Japan, China and Southeast Asia between 1 and 4 a.m., followed by return flights between 4 and 6 a.m., allowing overnight service between these regional hubs as well as onward connections to other ANA and partner carrier flights. The 767 freighters also operate daytime flights from Narita and Kansai to various destinations in East and Southeast Asia.[44] ANA also operates a 767 freighter on an overnight Kansai-Haneda-Saga-Kansai route on weeknights,[45] which is used by overnight delivery services to send parcels to and from destinations in Kyushu.[46]

ANA established a 767 freighter operation in 2006 through a JV with Japan Post, Nippon Express and Mitsui called ANA & JP Express. ANA announced a second freighter joint venture called Allex in 2008, with Kintetsu World Express, Nippon Express, MOL Logistics and Yusen Air & Sea as JV partners.[47] Allex merged with ANA subsidiary Overseas Courier Services (OCS), an overseas periodical distribution company, in 2009,[48] and ANA & JP Express was folded into ANA in 2010.[49]

ANA Cargo and the United States based United Parcel Service (UPS Airlines) have a cargo alliance and a code-share agreement to transport member cargo, similar to an airline alliance.[50][51]

ANA also has a long historical relationship with Nippon Cargo Airlines, a Narita-based operator of Boeing 747 freighters. ANA co-founded NCA with shipping company Nippon Yusen in 1978, and at one time held 27.5% of NCA's stock. ANA sold its stake to NYK in 2005, but retained a technical partnership with NCA.[52] ANA announced in July 2013 that it would charter NCA's 747 freighter aircraft for an overnight cargo run between Narita and Okinawa, doubling capacity between ANA's key cargo hubs and freeing up 767 aircraft to operate new routes from Okinawa to Nagoya and Qingdao.[43]

Personnel[edit]
As of 2014, ANA has around 5,000 flight attendants, around 400 of whom are non-Japanese (mainly European, Chinese and Korean). ANA plans to increase its non-Japanese cabin staff headcount to 550 by fiscal year 2016 with a focus on recruiting in Southeast Asia

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